7211MED Physical Activity Promotion

Code :7211

Subject :MED Physical Activity Promotion 

Students are required to conduct a small exploratory research project to examine the sociocultural and environmental determinants of physical activity in the contexts of the lives of participants who are considered 'inactive' for health benefits. Practitioners working with individuals and communities should be client-focused and evidence-based so it is important to be able to understand the contexts within which people practice health behaviours like physical activity before we can implement interventions to change behaviour. When we understand the determinants and contexts, efforts at promoting physical activity will be more effective and sustainable.

Task

Students are required to interview at least three people within their social network (friend or family member) who are considered inactive for health benefits. Interview data is to be analysed and presented in the format of a research report with the following sections:

- Introduction and literature review - Research questions
- Methods
- Results

- Discussion and conclusion - References

The report is to be informed by scholarly literature that examines current knowledge on the benefits of PA for health and the determinants of physical activity. The report will contribute to the evidence base on the determinants of physical activity and contribute to students' professional knowledge and practice in physical activity promotion.

Instructions

  1. Gather some literature and do some reading about sociocultural and environmental determinants of health and physical activity. [HINT: some of this literature is in the course reading list.] If your interviewees are of similar demographics you can target your reading to suit (e.g. women, men, students, parents, older adults, adolescents, low socio-economic status, chronic disease status). This will contribute to your literature review and help to orientate you to the issue and give you some ideas about questions to ask in the interview.
  2. Choose three participants who would be considered inactive for health benefits (do not meet the national physical activity guidelines).
  3. a) Measure your participants’ physical activity using a validated survey (e.g. IPAQ, GPAQ both available online) so that you can report how much physical activity they do. You will be able to report on time, intensity, duration. This will be very brief in your report.
  1. b) Conduct a qualitative interview with each of your three your participants to gather data on their personal experiences of physical activity, their enablers and barriers. You should gain their consent to audio-record the interview. Ask open-ended questions that will encourage lengthy dialogue. E.g. Tell me about your past experiences with physical activity; What does ‘health’ mean to you?; What does ‘fitness’ mean to you?; Is physical activity important in your life? Why/ Why not?;Tell me about the things that stop you from doing more physical activity (encourage dialogue and further discussion rather than just listing); Tell me about the things that do/would help you to do more physical activity; Tell me about a time in your life when you were more physically active, how does that differ to now?. Other questions that might be relevant are about local facilities, types of PA that they like, who they like being active with etc. You don’t need to ask all of these questions, you can choose which you feel are most relevant according to the literature you’ve read and the person you’re talking to. Your interviews should last about 30 minutes each.
  1. Transcribe (type up) each interview.
  2. Analyse your interview data using a thematic analysis framework. Refer to learning@griffith for the suggested technique – 8 CREATIVE steps (or you could use another recognised thematic analysis framework as long as it is appropriate and you reference it). Your thematic analysis should identify at least two or three main themes from the data that explain the sociocultural and environmental determinants of physical activity in the contexts of the participants’ lives. What makes them inactive? Try to go beyond simple explanations such as lack of time and explore more distal determinants such as economic pressures, social discourses, life experiences. These themes are your results. Present themes and quotes from the interviews that represent the themes in the results section either in a table or in regular paragraphs (see examples on learning@griffith).
  1. Write up your report according to the guideline sections above. It should resemble a journal article. Refer to the Health Writing and Referencing Resource for tips on report writing. Refer also to the ‘Tips’ listed in the example section in the Assessment 3 folder on learning@griffith.
 

Unsatisfactory

Satisfactory

Good

Very Good

Exceptional

Engageme nt with scholarly literature

Understanding of the literature is not demonstrated. Analysis is vague or not evident. Reader is confused or may be misinformed. Very little integration and/or synthesis, which impedes flow of the paper. The author is vague on the purpose of the paper.

Adequate understanding of literature is demonstrated. A basic and general analysis of literature is provided. The evidence comes mostly from peer- reviewed sources. Reader gains some insights. The purpose of the paper is stated and has some support from the literature reviewed.

Analysis and understanding of literature are partially demonstrated. The evidence comes from many peer- reviewed sources. The evidence reflects multiple views. Displays a basic analysis of the topic. Reader gains some insights. The purpose of the paper is clear and supported by the literature.

Understanding of literature demonstrated. The evidence comes from a wide variety of peer-reviewed sources. The evidence used reflects multiple views. Demonstrates a thoughtful analysis with some depth. Reader gains important insights. The purpose of the paper is explained and mostly well supported by the literature.

Understanding of literature thoroughly demonstrated. The evidence comes from a wide variety of peer-reviewed sources. The evidence used reflects multiple views. Demonstrates thoughtful, in- depth analysis of literature. Reader gains many important insights. The purpose(s) is explained and is clearly supported by the literature.

Appropriat eness of data collection procedure s

Either the methodology is inconsistent with the purpose or the sampling and measurement sections are missing crucial information.

Methodology section is appropriate for the purpose. The sampling and measurement techniques are adequate but missing some key information. Data analysis procedures are described.

Methodology section is appropriate for the purpose. Sampling and measurement techniques are described. Data analysis procedures are described with some omissions.

Methodology section is appropriate for the purpose. Sampling and measurement techniques are described including the majority of key information. Data analysis procedures are clear, albeit with few minor omissions.

Methodology is appropriate for the purpose. Sampling and measurement techniques are thoroughly described. Data analysis procedures are clear and thorough.

Data analysis and findings

The PA measurement tool and interview technique are not appropriately used. PA participation and thematic analysis are not reported or are missing crucial details. The place and meaning of physical activity in the participants’ lives is not described.

Appropriate use of PA measurement tool and interview technique. Reporting of PA participation and thematic analysis is present with some minor omissions. The place and meaning of physical activity in the participants’ lives mentioned but does not provide depth of description and understanding.

Good use of PA measurement tool and interview technique. Reporting of PA participation and thematic analysis is mostly clear and touches on some aspects of the place and meaning of physical activity in the participants’ lives.

Very good use of PA measurement tool and interview technique is demonstrated. Reporting of PA participation and thematic analysis is clear provides some insight into the place and meaning of physical activity in the participants’ lives.

Expert use of PA measurement tool and interview technique is demonstrated. Reporting of PA participation and thematic analysis is clear provides exceptional insight into the place and meaning of physical activity in the participants’ lives.

Critical discussion of results in the context of existing literature

Discussion fails to connect themes to previous literature. Little to no implications for the field of PA promotion.

Discussion usually connects identified themes to previous literature and provides some discussion of implications for the field of PA promotion.

Discussion clearly connects the identified themes to previous literature and includes clear consideration of implications for of the field of PA promotion.

Evidenced synthesis of ideas when connecting the identified themes to previous literature. Includes some insightful implications for the field of PA promotion.

Succinct, conclusive discussion that clearly connects the identified themes to previous literature and comprehensive and insightful discussion of short and long term implications for the field of PA promotion.

               

 

Academic presentati on and writing style

Writing is unclear with many grammatical and/or spelling errors that greatly interfere with the flow of the report. Citations within text and/or reference list not present. Report fails to engage reader.

Writing is mostly clear with some grammatical and/or spelling errors that sometimes interfere with the flow of the report. Citations within text and reference list present albeit with errors and inconsistencies .

Writing is generally clear. Occasional grammatical or spelling errors present. Citations within text and reference list present with some inconsistencies or errors. Reader is engaged.

Writing is clear and free grammatical and spelling errors. Citations within text and reference list present. Few inconsistencies or errors. Reader is engaged.

Writing is free of grammatical and spelling errors. Writing is evaluative, interpretive and clear. All citations present and correctly formatted. Main points are memorable. Reader is very engaged.

 

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